Metacommunity Spatio-Temporal Dynamics: Conservation and Management Implications


A forthcoming special issue in Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution and guest edited by Pedro Giovâni da Silva, Jani Heino, Juliano André Bogoni and Miguel Cañedo-Argüelles. We aim to publish a set of innovative papers on metacommunity spatio-temporal dynamics to better understand how the factors that structure metacommunities change across space and time, as well as the implications of such dynamics for biodiversity conservation and management.

Metacommunities in river networks: The importance of network structure and connectivity on patterns and processes

A special issue published in Freshwater Biology and guest edited by Jonathan D. Tonkin, Jani Heino and Florian Altermatt. This special issue comprise 12 articles from over the world and range from studies focussing on single species distributions to those addressing the effects of network structure on food web interactions and nutrient dynamics.


Namba, H., Iwasaki, Y., Heino, H. & Matsuda, H. (2020) What to survey? A systematic review of the choice of biological groups in assessing ecological impacts of metals in running waters. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, in press.


García-Girón, J., Heino, J., Baastrup-Spohr, L., Clayton, J., de Winton, M., Feldmann, T., Fernández-Aláez, C., Ecke, F., Hoyer, M.V., Kolada, A., Kosten, S., Lukács, B.A., Mormul, R.P., Rhazi, L., Rhazi, M., Sass, L., Xu, J. & Alahuhta, J. (2020) Elements of lake macrophyte metacommunity structure: global variation and community-environment relationships. Limnology and Oceanography, in press


Tolonen, K.T., Hämäläinen, H., Karjalainen, J., Nyholm, K., Rahkola-Suorsa, M., Cai, Y. & Heino, J. (2020) Do the ecological drivers of lake littoral communities match and lead to congruence between organism groups? Aquatic Ecology, in press.


de Oliveira, P.H.F., Machado, K.B., Teresa, F.B., Heino, J. & Nabout, J.C. (2020) Spatial processes determine planktonic diatom metacommunity structure of headwater streams. Limnologica, in press.


Picazo, F., Vilmi, A., Aalto, J., Soininen, J., Casamayor, E., Liu, Y., Wu, Q., Ren, L., Zhou, J., Shen, J. & Wang, J. (2020) Climate mediates continental scale patterns of stream microbial functional diversity. Microbiome, in press.


Johansson, F., Heino, J., Coiffard, P., Svanbäck, R., Wester, J. & Bini, L.M. (2020) Can information from citizen science data be used to predict biodiversity in stormwater ponds? Scientific Reports, in press.


Pozzobom, U.M., Heino, J., Brito, M.T. & Landeiro, V.L. (2020) Untangling the determinants of macrophyte beta diversity in tropical floodplain lakes: insights from ecological uniqueness and species contributions. Aquatic Sciences 82: 56.


Li, Z., Xing, Y., Liu, Z., Chen, X., Jiang, X., Xie, Z. & Heino, J. (2020) Seasonal changes in metacommunity assembly mechanisms of benthic macroinvertebrates in a subtropical river basin. Science of the Total Environment 729: 139046.

García-Girón, J., Heino, J., García-Criado, F., Fernández-Aláez, C. & Alahuhta, J. (2020) Biotic interactions hold the key to understanding metacommunity organisation. Ecography, in press.


Heino, J., Culp, J., Erkinaro, J., Goedkoop, W., Lento, J., Ruhland, K. & Smol, J.P. (2020) Abruptly and irreversibly changing Arctic freshwaters urgently require standardized monitoring. Journal of Applied Ecology 57: 1192-1198.


Ligeiro, R., Hughes, R.M., Kaufmann, P.R., Heino, J., Melo, A.S. & Callisto, M. (2020) Choice of field and laboratory methods affects the detection of anthropogenic disturbances using stream macroinvertebrate assemblages. Ecological Indicators 115: 106382.

Zou, W., Zhu, G., Cai, Y., Vilmi, A., Xu, H., Zhu, M., Gong, Z., Zhang, Y. & Qin, B. (2020) Relationships between nutrient, chlorophyll a and Secchi depth in lakes of the Chinese Eastern Plain ecoregion: implications for eutrophication management. Journal of Environmental Management 260: 109923.


García-Girón, J., Heino, J., Baastrup-Spohr, L., Bove, C.P., Clayton, J., de Winton, M., Feldmann, T., Fernández-Aláez, M., Ecke, F., Grillas, P., Hoyer, M.V., Kolada, A., Kosten S., Lukács, B.A., Mjelde, M., Mormul, R.P., Rhazi, L., Rhazi, M., Sass, L., Xu, J. & Alahuhta, J. (2020) Global patterns and determinants of lake macrophyte taxonomic, functional and phylogenetic beta diversity. Science of the Total Environment 723: 138021.


Brito, M.T., Heino, J., Pozzobom, U.M. & Landeiro, V.L. (2020) Ecological uniqueness and species richness of zooplankton in subtropical floodplain lakes. Aquatic Sciences 82: 43.


He, S., Chen, K., Soininen, J., Heino, J., Ding, N. & Wang, B. (2020) Elements of metacommunity structure of diatoms and macroinvertebrates within stream networks differing in environmental heterogeneity. Journal of Biogeography, in press.


Cid, N., Bonada, N., Heino, J., Cañedo-Argüelles, M., Crabot, J., Sarremejane, R., Soininen, J., Stubbington, R. & Datry, T. (2020) A metacommunity approach to improve biological assessments in highly dynamic freshwater ecosystems. BioScience 70: 427–438.


Alahuhta, J., Rosbakh, S., Chepinoga, V. & Heino, J. (2020) Environmental determinants of lake macrophyte communities in Baikal Siberia. Aquatic Sciences 82: 39.


Velayutham, S.S., Heino, J., Roque, F.O., Simaika, J.P., Melo, A.S., Tonkin, J.D., Nogueira, D.G. & Paiva Silva, D. (2020) Conservation of aquatic macroinvertebrate biodiversity in tropical regions. Aquatic Conservation 30: 1238-1250.


Siqueira, T., Saito, V.S., Bini, L.M., Melo, A.S., Petsch, D.K., Landeiro, V.L., Tolonen, K.T., Jyrkänkallio-Mikkola, J., Soininen, J. & Heino, J. (2020) Community size can affect the signals of ecological drift and niche selection on biodiversity. Ecology 101: e03014.


Tolkkinen, M., Heino, J., Ahonen, H.K.A., Lehosmaa, K. & Mykrä, H. (2020) Streams and riparian forests depend on each other: a review with a special focus on microbes. Forest Ecology and Management 462: 117962.


Cantonati, M., Poikane, S., Pringle, C.M., Stevens, L.E., Turak, E., Heino, J., Richardson, J.S., Bolpagni, R., Borrini, A., Cid, N., Čtvrtlíková, M., Galassi, D.M.P., Hájek, M., Hawes, I., Levkov, Z., Naselli-Flores, L., Saber, A.A., Di Cicco, M., Fiasca, B., Hamilton, P.B., Kubečka, J., Segadelli, S. & Znachor, P. (2020) Characteristics, main impacts, and stewardship of natural and artificial freshwater environments: consequences for biodiversity conservation. Water 12: 260.

Alahuhta, J., Antikainen, H., Hjort, J., Helm, A. & Heino, J.  (2020) Current climate overrides historical effects on species richness and range size of freshwater plants in Europe and North America. Journal of Ecology 108: 1262-1275.


Lau, D.C.P., Christoffersen, K.S., Erkinaro, J., Hayden, B., Heino, J., Hellsten, S., Holmgren, K., Kahilainen, K.K., Kahlert, M., Karjalainen, S.M., Karlsson, J., Forsström, L., Lento, J., Mjelde, M., Ruuhijärvi, J., Sandøy, S., Schartau, A.K., Svenning, M.A., Vrede, T. & Goedkoop, W. (2020) Multitrophic biodiversity patterns and environmental drivers of sub-Arctic lakes in northern Europe. Freshwater Biology, in press.

Lindholm, M., Alahuhta, J., Heino, J., Hjort, J. & Toivonen, H. (2020) Changes in the functional features of macrophyte communities and driving factors across a 70-year period. Hydrobiologia, in press.


Wang, J., Hu, J., Tang, T., Heino, J., Jiang, X., Li, Z. & Xie, Z. (2020) Seasonal shifts in the assembly dynamics of benthic macroinvertebrate and diatom communities in a subtropical river. Ecology and Evolution 10: 692-704.

Crabot, J., Heino, J., Launay, R. & Datry, T. (2020) Drying determines the temporal dynamics of stream invertebrate structural and functional beta diversity. Ecography 43: 294-305.

Sgarbi, L.F., Bini, L.M., Heino, J., Jyrkänkallio-Mikkola, J., Landeiro, V.L., Pereira dos Santos, E., Schneck, F., Siqueira, T., Soininen, J., Tolonen K.T. & Melo, A.S. (2020) Sampling effort and information quality provided by rare and common species in estimating assemblage structure. Ecological Indicators 110: 105937.


Vilmi, A., Zhao, W., Picazo, F., Li, M., Heino, J., Soininen, J. & Wang, J. (2020) Ecological processes underlying community assembly of aquatic bacteria and macroinvertebrates under contrasting climates on the Tibetan Plateau. Science of the Total Environment 702: 134974.


da Silva, P.G., Bogoni, J. & Heino, J. (2020) Can taxonomic and functional metrics explain variation in the ecological uniqueness of ecologically-associated animal groups in a modified rainforest? Science of the Total Environment 708: 135171.


Li, Z., Liu, Z., Heino, J., Jiang, X., Wang, J., Tang, T. & Xie, Z. (2020) Discriminating the effects of local stressors from climatic factors and dispersal processes on multiple biodiversity dimensions of macroinvertebrate communities across subtropical drainage basins. Science of the Total Environment 711: 134750.

Lindholm, M., Alahuhta, J., Heino, J. & Toivonen, H. (2020) No biotic homogenisation across decades but consistent effects of landscape position and pH on macrophyte communities in boreal lakes. Ecography 43: 294-305.

Laske, S., Amundsen, P.-A., Christofersson, K., Erkinaro, J., Gudbergsson, G., Hayden, B., Heino, J., Holmgren, K., Kahilainen, K., Lento, J., Orell, P., Ostergren, J., Power, M., Rafikov, M., Romakkaniemi, A., Svenning, M., Swanson, H., Whitman, M. & Zimmerman, C. (2020) Circumpolar patterns of Arctic freshwater fish biodiversity: a baseline for monitoring. Freshwater Biology, in press.


Heino, J., Alahuhta, J. & Fattorini, S. (2019) Macroecology of ground beetles: species richness, range size and body size show different geographical patterns across a climatically heterogeneous area. Journal of Biogeography 46: 2548-2557.

Rocha, M.P., Bini, L.M., Grönroos, M., Hjort, J., Lindholm, M., Karjalainen, S.M., Tolonen, K.E. & Heino, J. (2019) Correlates of different facets and components of beta diversity in stream organisms. Oecologia 191: 919-929.

Iversen, L.L., Winkel, A., Baastrup-Spohr, L., Hinke, A.B., Alahuhta, J., Baattrup- Pedersen, A., Birk, S., Brodersen, P., Chambers, P. A., Ecke, F., Feldmann, T., Gebler, D., Heino, J., Jespersen, T. S., Moe, S. J., Riis, T., Sass, L., Vestergaard, O., Maberly, S.C., Sand-Jensen, K. & Pedersen, O. (2019) Catchment properties and the photosynthetic trait composition of freshwater plant communities. Science 366: 878–881.

Kärnä, O.-M., Heino, J., Laamanen, T., Jyrkänkallio-Mikkola, J., Pajunen, V., Soininen, J., Tolonen, K.T., Tukiainen, H. & Hjort, J. (2019) Does catchment geodiversity foster stream biodiversity? Landscape Ecology 34: 2469-2485.

Tolonen, K.E., Picazo, F., Vilmi, A., Datry, T., Paril, P., Rocha, M., Stubbington, R. & Heino, J. (2019) Parallels and contrasts between intermittently freezing and drying streams: from individual adaptations to biodiversity variation. Freshwater Biology 64: 1679-1691.

Lansac-Tôha, F.M., Heino, J., Quirino, B.A., Moresco, G.A., Zapata, O.E.P., Meira, B.R., Rodrigues, L.C., Jati, S., Lansac-Tôha, F.A. & Velho, L.F.M. (2019) Differently dispersing organism groups show contrasting beta diversity patterns in a dammed subtropical river basin. Science of the Total Environment 691: 1271-1281.

Toivanen, M., Hjort, J., Heino, J., Tukiainen, H., Aroviita, J. & Alahuhta, J. (2019) Is catchment geodiversity a useful surrogate of aquatic plant species richness? Journal of Biogeography 46: 1711-1722.

Hill, M.J., Heino, J., White, J.C., Ryves, D.B. & Wood, P.J. (2019) Environmental factors are primary determinants of different facets of pond macroinvertebrate alpha and beta diversity in a human-modified landscape. Biological Conservation 237: 348-357.

Johansson, F., Bini, L.M., Coiffard, P., Svanbäck, R., Wester, J. & Heino, J. (2019) Environmental variations drive differences in the beta diversity of dragonfly assemblages among urban stormwater ponds. Ecological Indicators 106: 105529.

Xu, J., Molinos, J.G., Su, G., Matsuzaki, S.S., Akasaka, M., Zhang, H. & Heino, J. (2019) Cross-taxon congruence of multiple diversity facets of freshwater assemblages is determined by large-scale processes across China. Freshwater Biology 64: 1492-1503.

Vilmi, A., Karjalainen, S.M., Wang, J. & Heino, J. (2019) Using traits to explain interspecific variation in diatom occupancy and abundance across lakes and streams. Journal of Biogeography 46: 1419-1428.

Alahuhta, J., Erős, T., Kärnä, O.-M., Soininen, J., Wang, J. & Heino, J. (2019) Understanding environmental change through the lens of trait-based, functional and phylogenetic biodiversity in freshwater ecosystems. Environmental Reviews 27: 263-273.

Gál, B., Szivák, I., Heino J. & Schmera, D. (2019) The effect of urbanization on freshwater macroinvertebrates - Knowledge gaps and future research directions. Ecological Indicators 104: 357-364.

Cai, Y., Zhang, Y., Hu, Z., Deng, J., Qi, B., Yi, H., Wang, X., Gong, Z. & Heino, J. (2019) Metacommunity ecology meets bioassessment: assessing spatio-temporal variation in multiple facets of macroinvertebrate diversity in human-influenced large lakes. Ecological Indicators 103: 713-721.

Zhang, Y., Cheng, L., Li, K., Zhang, L., Cai, Y., Wang, X. & Heino, J. (2019) Nutrient enrichment homogenizes taxonomic and functional diversity of benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages in shallow lakes. Limnology and Oceanography 64: 1047-1058.

Heino, J. & Alahuhta, J. (2019) Knitting patterns of biodiversity, range size and body size in aquatic beetle faunas: significant relationships but slightly divergent drivers. Ecological Entomology 44: 413-424.

Li, Z., Wang, J., Meng, X., Heino, J., Sun, M., Jiang, X., & Xie, Z. (2019) Disentangling the effects of dispersal mode on the assembly of macroinvertebrate communities in a heterogeneous highland region. Freshwater Science 38: 170-182.

Roa-Fuentes, C.A., Heino, J., Cianciaruso, M.V., Ferraz, S., Zeni, J.O. & Casatti, L. (2019) Taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional beta diversity patterns of stream fish in tropical agroecosystems. Freshwater Biology 64: 447-460.

Li, Z., Jiang, X., Wang, J., Meng, X., Heino, J. & Xie, Z. (2019) Multiple facets of stream macroinvertebrate alpha diversity are driven by different ecological factors across an extensive altitudinal gradient. Ecology and Evolution 9: 1306-1322.

Van Looy, K., Tonkin, J.D., Floury, M., Leigh, C., Soininen, J., Larsen, S., Heino, J., Poff, N.L., Delong, M., Jähnig, S.C., Datry, T., Bonada, N., Rosebery, J., Jamoneau, A., Ormerod, S.J., Collier, K.J.  & Wolter, C. (2019) The three Rs of river resilience: Resources, Refugia and Recruitment. River Research and Applications 35: 107-120.

Cai, Y., Xu, J., Zhang, M., Wang, J. & Heino, J. (2019) Different roles for geography, energy and environment in determining three facets of freshwater molluscan beta diversity at broad spatial scales. Science of the Total Environment 659: 451-462.

Heino, J., Alahuhta, J., Fattorini, S. & Schmera, D. (2019) Predicting beta diversity of terrestrial and aquatic beetles using ecogeographical variables: insights from the replacement and richness difference components. Journal of Biogeography 46: 304-315.

Vilmi, A., Tolonen, K.T., Karjalainen, S.M. & Heino, J. (2019) Niche position drives interspecific variation in occupancy and abundance in a highly-connected lake system. Ecological Indicators 99: 159-166.


Li, Z., Wang, J., Liu, Z., Meng, X., Heino, J., Jiang, X., Xiong, X., Jiang, X. & Xie, Z. (2019) Different responses of taxonomic and functional structures of stream macroinvertebrate communities to local stressors and regional factors in a subtropical biodiversity hotspot. Science of the Total Environment 655: 1288-1300.



Wang, J., Jiang, X., Li, Z., Meng, X., Heino, J., Xie, Z., Wang, X. & Yu, J. (2018) Changes in multiple facets of macroinvertebrate alpha diversity are linked to afforestation in a subtropical riverine natural reserve. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 25: 36124-36135.

Rocha, M.P., Bini, L.M., Domisch, S., Tolonen, K.T., Jyrkänkallio-Mikkola, J., Soininen, J., Hjort, J. & Heino, J. (2018) Local environment and space drive multiple facets of stream macroinvertebrate beta diversity. Journal of Biogeography 45: 2744-2754.

Alahuhta, J., Lindholm, M., Bove, C.M., Chappuis, E., Clayton, J., de Winton, M., Feldmann, T., Ecke, F., Gacia, E., Grillas, P., Hoyer, M.V., Johnson, L.B., Kolada, A., Kosten, S., Lauridsen, T., Lukács, B.A., Mjelde, M., Mormul, R.P., Rhazi, L., Rhazi, M., Sass, L., Søndergaard, M., Xu, J. & Heino, J. (2018) Global patterns in the metacommunity structuring of lake macrophytes: regional variations and driving factors. Oecologia 188: 1167-1182.

Kärnä, O.-M., Heino, J., Grönroos, M. & Hjort, J. (2018) The added value of geodiversity indices in explaining variation of stream macroinvertebrate diversity. Ecological Indicators 94: 420-429.

Passy, S.I., Larson, C.A., Jamoneau, A., Budnick, W., Heino, J., Leboucher, T., Rosebery, J. & Soininen, J. (2018) The biogeographical patterns of species richness and abundance distribution in stream diatoms are driven by climate and water chemistry. American Naturalist 192: 605–617.

​Heino, J., Melo, A.S., Jyrkänkallio-Mikkola, J., Petsch, D.K., Saito, V.S., Tolonen, K.T., Bini, L.M., Landeiro, V.L., Silva, T.S.F., Pajunen, V., Soininen, J. & Siqueira, T. (2018) Subtropical streams harbour higher genus richness and lower abundance of insects compared to boreal streams, but scale matters. Journal of Biogeography 45: 1983-1993.

da Silva, P.G., Hernández, M.I.M. & Heino, J. (2018) Disentangling the correlates of species and site contributions to beta diversity in dung beetle assemblages. Diversity and Distributions 24: 1674-1686.
Podani, J., Ódor, P., Fattorini, S., Strona, G., Heino, J. & Schmera, D. (2018) Exploring multiple presence-absence data structures in ecology. Ecological Modelling 383: 41-51.

Heino, J. & Tolonen, K.T. (2018) Ecological niche features override biological traits and taxonomic relatedness as predictors of occupancy and abundance in lake littoral macroinvertebrates. Ecography 41: 2092-2103.

Lindholm, M., Grönroos, M., Hjort, J., Karjalainen, S.M., Tokola, L. & Heino, J. (2018) Different species trait groups of stream diatoms show divergent responses to spatial and environmental factors in a subarctic drainage basin. Hydrobiologia 816: 213-230.

Landeiro, V.L., Franz, B., Heino, J., Siqueira, T. & Bini, L.M. (2018) Species poor and low-lying sites are more ecologically unique in a hyperdiverse Amazon region: evidence from multiple taxonomic groups. Diversity and Distributions 24: 966-977.

Tolonen, K.T., Cai, Y., Vilmi, A., Karjalainen, S.M., Sutela, T. & Heino, J. (2018) Environmental filtering and spatial effects on metacommunity organisation differ among littoral macroinvertebrate groups deconstructed by biological traits. Aquatic Ecology 52: 119-131.

de Morais, G.F., dos Santos, L.G., Ortega, J.C.G., Heino, J. & Bini, L.M. (2018) Biological surrogates: a word of caution. Ecological Indicators 88: 214-218.

Cai, Y., Zhang, M., Xu, J. & Heino, J. (2018) Geographical gradients in the biodiversity of Chinese freshwater molluscs: Implications for conservation. Diversity and Distributions 24: 485–496.

Rocha, M.P., Bini, L.M., Siqueira, T., Hjort, J., Grönroos, M., Lindholm, M., Karjalainen, S.M. & Heino, J. (2018) Predicting occupancy and abundance by niche position, niche breadth and body size in stream organisms. Oecologia 186: 205-216.

Rolls, R.J., Heino, J., Ryder, D., Chessman, B., Growns, I., Thompson, R. & Gido, K. (2018) Scaling biodiversity responses to hydrological regimes. Biological Reviews 93: 971-995.

Tolonen, K.E., Leinonen, K., Erkinaro, J. & Heino, J. (2018) Ecological uniqueness of macroinvertebrate communities in high-latitude streams is a consequence of deterministic environmental filtering processes. Aquatic Ecology 52: 17-33.

Soininen, J., Heino, J. & Wang, J. (2018) A meta-analysis of nestedness and turnover components of beta diversity across organisms and ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography 27: 96-109.

Tonkin, J.D., Altermatt, F., Finn, D., Heino, J., Olden, J.D., Pauls, S.U. & Lytle, D.A. (2018) The role of dispersal in river network metacommunities: patterns, processes, and pathways. Freshwater Biology 63: 141-163.

de Mendoza, G., Kaivosoja, R., Grönroos, M., Hjort, J., Ilmonen, J., Kärnä, O.M., Paasivirta, L., Tokola, L. & Heino, J. (2018) Highly variable species distribution models in a subarctic stream metacommunity: patterns, mechanisms and implications. Freshwater Biology 63: 33-47.

Tonkin, J.D., Heino, J. & Altermatt, F. (2018) Metacommunities in river networks: the importance of network structure and connectivity on patterns and processes. Freshwater Biology 63: 1-5.


Mykrä, H. & Heino, J. (2017) Decreased habitat specialization in macroinvertebrate assemblages in anthropogenically disturbed streams. Ecological Complexity 31: 181-188.

Cai, Y., Xu, H., Vilmi, A., Tolonen, K.T., Tang, X., Qin, B., Gong, Z. & Heino, J. (2017) Relative roles of spatial processes, natural factors and anthropogenic stressors in structuring a lake macroinvertebrate metacommunity. Science of the Total Environment 601: 1702-1711.

Wojciechowski, J., Heino, J., Bini, L.M. & Padial, A.A. (2017) The strength of species sorting of phytoplankton communities is temporally variable in subtropical reservoirs. Hydrobiologia 800: 31-43.

Tolonen, K.T., Vilmi, A., Karjalainen, S.M., Hellsten, S. & Heino J. (2017) Do different facets of littoral macroinvertebrate diversity show congruent patterns in a large lake system? Community Ecology 18: 109-116.

Vilmi, A., Karjalainen, S.M. & Heino, J. (2017) Ecological uniqueness of stream and lake diatom communities shows different macroecological patterns. Diversity and Distributions 23: 1042-1053.

Datry, T., Corti, R., Heino, J., Hugueny, B., Rolls, R. & Ruhi, A. (2017) Habitat fragmentation, and metapopulation, metacommunity and metaecosystem dynamics in intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams. In: Datry, T., Bonada, N. & Boulton, A.J. (eds) Intermittent Rivers and Ephemeral Streams: Ecology and Management. Elsevier, pp. 377-403.

Heino, J., Alahuhta, J., Ala-Hulkko, T., Antikainen, H., Bini, L.M., Bonada, N., Datry, T., Erős, T., Hjort, J., Kotavaara, O., Melo, A.S. & Soininen, J. (2017) Integrating dispersal proxies in ecological and environmental research in the freshwater realm. Environmental Reviews 25: 334-349.

Hill, M.J., Heino, J., Thornhill, I., Ryves, D.B. & Wood, P.J. (2017) Effects of dispersal mode on the environmental and spatial correlates of nestedness and species turnover in pond communities. Oikos 126: 1575-1585.

Alahuhta, J., Toivanen, M., Hjort, J., Ecke, F., Johnson, L.B., Sass, L. & Heino, J. (2017) Species richness and taxonomic distinctness of lake macrophytes along environmental gradients in two continents. Freshwater Biology 62: 1194–1206.

Heino, J. & Tolonen, K.T. (2017) Ecological drivers of multiple facets of beta diversity in a lentic macroinvertebrate metacommunity. Limnology and Oceanography 62: 2431-2444.

Heino, J. & Tolonen, K.T. (2017) Untangling the assembly of littoral macroinvertebrate communities through measures of functional and phylogenetic alpha diversity. Freshwater Biology 62: 1168–1179.

Jyrkänkallio-Mikkola, J., Meier, S., Heino, J., Laamanen, T., Pajunen, V., Tolonen, K.T., Tolkkinen, M. & Soininen, J. (2017) Disentangling multi-scale environmental effects on stream microbial communities. Journal of Biogeography 44: 1512-1523.

Alahuhta, J., Virtala, A., Hjort, J., Ecke, F., Johnson, L.B., Sass, L. & Heino, J. (2017) Average niche breadths of species in lake macrophyte communities respond to ecological gradients variably in four regions on two continents. Oecologia 184: 219-235.

Mykrä, H., Tolkkinen, M. & Heino, J. (2017) Environmental degradation results in contrasting changes in the assembly processes of stream bacterial and fungal communities. Oikos 126: 1291-1298.

Vihervaara, P., Auvinen, A.-P., Mononen, L., Törmä, M., Ahlroth, P., Anttila, S., Böttcher, K., Forsius, M., Heino, J., Heliölä, J., Koskelainen, M., Kuussaari, M., Meissner, K., Ojala, O., Tuominen, S., Viitasalo, M. & Virkkala, R. (2017) How Essential Biodiversity Variables and remote sensing can help national biodiversity monitoring? Global Ecology and Conservation 10: 43-59.

Alahuhta, J., Kosten, S., Akasaka, M., Auderset, D., Azzella, M., Bolpagni, R., Bove, C.P., Chambers, P.A., Chappuis, E., Ilg, C.,  Clayton, J., de Winston, M., Ecke, F., Gacia, E., Gecheva, G., Grillas, P., Hauxwell, J., Hellsten, S., Hjort, J., Hoyer, M.V., Kolada, A., Kuoppala, M., Lauridsen, T., Li, E.-H., Lukács, B.A., Mjelde, M., Mikulyuk, A., Mormul, R.P., Nishihiro, J., Oertli, B., Rhazi, L., Rhazi, M., Sass, L., Schranz, C., Søndergaard, M., Yamanouchi, T., Yu, Q., Wang, H., Willby, N., Zhang, X.-K. & Heino, J. (2017) Global variation in the beta diversity of lake macrophytes is driven by environmental heterogeneity rather than latitude. Journal of Biogeography 44: 1758-1769.

Wojciechowski, J., Heino, J., Bini, L.M. & Padial, A.A. (2017) Temporal variation in phytoplankton beta diversity patterns and metacommunity structures across subtropical reservoirs. Freshwater Biology 62: 751-766.

Rocha, M.P., Heino, J., Velho, L.F.M., Lansac-Tôha, F.M. & Lansac-Tôha, F.A. (2017) Fine spatial grain, large spatial extent and biogeography of macrophyte-associated cladoceran communities across Neotropical floodplains. Freshwater Biology 62: 559-569.

Vilmi, A., Alahuhta, J., Hjort, J., Kärnä, O.-M., Leinonen, K., Rocha, M.P., Tolonen, K.E., Tolonen, K.T. & Heino, J. (2017) Geography of global change and species richness in the North. Environmental Reviews 25: 184-192.

Langenheder, S., Wang, J., Karjalainen, S.M., Laamanen, T., Tolonen, K.T., Vilmi, A. & Heino, J. (2017) Bacterial metacommunity organization in a highly-connected aquatic system. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 93: fiw225.

Vilmi, A., Tolonen, K.T., Karjalainen, S.M. & Heino, J. (2017) Metacommunity structuring in a highly-connected aquatic system: effects of dispersal, abiotic environment and grazing pressure on microalgal guilds. Hydrobiologia 790: 125-140.

Heino, J., Bini, L.M., Andersson, J., Bergsten, J., Bjelke, U. & Johansson, H. (2017) Unravelling the correlates of species richness and ecological uniqueness in a metacommunity of urban pond insects. Ecological Indicators  73: 422-431.

Heino, J. & Grönroos, M. (2017) Exploring species and site contributions to beta diversity in stream insect assemblages. Oecologia 183: 151-160.

Tolonen, K.T., Vilmi, A., Karjalainen, S.M., Hellsten, S., Sutela, T. & Heino, J. (2017) Ignoring spatial effects results in inadequate models for variation in littoral macroinvertebrate diversity. Oikos 126: 852–862.

Heino, J., Soininen, J., Alahuhta, J., Lappalainen, J. & Virtanen, R. (2017) Metacommunity ecology meets biogeography: Effects of geographical region, spatial dynamics and environmental filtering on community structure in aquatic organisms. Oecologia 183: 121-137.

Beck, M.W. & Alahuhta, J. (2017) Ecological determinants of Potamogeton taxa in glacial lakes: assemblage composition, species richness, and species-level approach. Aquatic Sciences 79: 427–441.

Schmera, D., Heino, J., Podani, J., Erős, T. & Dolédec, S. (2017) Functional diversity: a review of methodology and current knowledge in freshwater macroinvertebrate research. Hydrobiologia 787: 27-44.

Tolonen, K.E., Leinonen, K., Marttila, H., Erkinaro, J. & Heino, J. (2017) Environmental predictability of taxonomic and functional community composition in high-latitude streams. Freshwater Biology 62: 1-16.

Alahuhta, J., Ecke, F., Johnson, L.B., Sass, L. & Heino, J. (2017) A comparative analysis reveals little evidence for niche conservatism in aquatic macrophytes among four areas on two continents. Oikos 126: 136-148.


Wang, J., Pan, F., Soininen, J., Heino, J. & Shen, J. (2016) Nutrient enrichment modifies temperature-biodiversity relationships in large-scale field experiments. Nature Communications 7: 13960.

Heino, J. & de Mendoza, G. (2016) Predictability of stream insect distributions is dependent on niche position, but not on biological traits or taxonomic relatedness of species. Ecography 39: 1216-1226.

Tolonen, K.E., Tokola, L., Grönroos, M., Hjort, J., Kärnä, O.-M., Erkinaro, J. & Heino, J. (2016) Hierarchical decomposition of trait patterns of macroinvertebrate communities in subarctic streams. Freshwater Science 35: 1032-1048.

Rolls, R.J., Heino, J. & Chessman, B. (2016) Unravelling the joint effects of flow regime, climatic variability and dispersal mode on beta diversity of riverine communities. Freshwater Biology 61: 1350–1364.

Tonkin, J.D., Heino, J., Sundermann, A., Haase, P. & Jähnig, S. (2016) Context dependency in biodiversity patterns of central German stream metacommunities. Freshwater Biology 61: 607-620.

Ala-Hulkko, T., Kotavaara, O., Alahuhta, J., Helle, P. & Hjort, J. (2016) Introducing accessibility analysis in mapping cultural ecosystem services. Ecological Indicators 66: 416-427.

Datry, T., Bonada, N. & Heino, J. (2016) Towards understanding the organisation of metacommunities in highly dynamic ecological systems. Oikos 125: 149-159.

Jyrkänkallio-Mikkola, J., Heino, J. & Soininen, J. (2016) Beta diversity of stream diatoms at two hierarchical spatial scales: Implications for biomonitoring. Freshwater Biology 61: 239-250.

Alahuhta, J. & Aroviita, J. (2016) Quantifying the relative importance of natural variables, human disturbance and spatial processes in ecological status indicators of boreal lakes. Ecological Indicators 63: 240-248.

Hunter Jr., M., Westgate, M., Barton, P., Calhoun, A., Pierson, J., Tulloch, A., Beger, M., Branquinho, C., Caro, T., Gross, J., Heino, J., Lane, P., Longo, C., Martin, C., McDowell, W.H., Mellin, C., Salo, H. & Lindenmayer, D. (2016) Two roles for ecological surrogacy: Indicator surrogates and management surrogates. Ecological Indicators 63: 121-125.

Vilmi, A., Karjalainen, S.M., Hellsten, S. & Heino, J. (2016) Bioassessment in a metacommunity context: are diatom communities structured solely by species sorting? Ecological Indicators 62: 86-94.

Heino, J., Erkinaro, J., Huusko, A. & Luoto, M. (2016) Climate change effects on freshwater fishes, conservation and management. In: Closs, G., Krkosek, M. & Olden, J. (eds) Conservation of Freshwater Fishes. Cambridge University Press, pp. 76-106.

Vilmi, A., Karjalainen, S.M., Kuoppala, M., Tolonen, K.T. & Heino, J. (2016) Taxonomic distinctness along nutrient gradients: more diverse, less diverse or not different from random? Ecological Indicators 61: 1033-1041.

Alahuhta, J., Halmetoja, J., Tukiainen, H. & Hjort, J. (2016) Importance of spatial scale in structuring emergent lake vegetation across environmental gradients and scales: a GIS-based approach. Ecological Indicators 60: 1164-1172.

Vilmi, A., Karjalainen, S.M., Nokela, T., Tolonen, K.T. & Heino, J. (2016) Unravelling the drivers of aquatic communities using disparate organismal groups and different taxonomic levels. Ecological Indicators 60: 108-118.


Heino, J. (2015) Approaches, potentials and pitfalls of applying bioindicators in freshwater ecosystems. In: Lindenmayer, D.B., Pierson, J. & Barton, P. (eds), Surrogates and Indicators of Biodiversity and Environmental Change. CSIRO Publishing and CRC Press, Melbourne and London, pp. 91-100.

Lindenmayer, D., Pierson, J., Barton, P., Beger, M., Branquinho, C., Calhoun, A., Caro, T., Greig, H., Gross, J., Heino, J., Hunter, M., Lane, P., Longo, C., Martin, K., McDowell, W.H., Mellin, C., Salo, H., Tulloch, A. & Westgate, M. (2015) A new framework for selecting environmental surrogates. Science of the Total Environment 538: 1029–1038.

Heino, J., Alahuhta, J. & Fattorini, S. (2015) Phylogenetic diversity of regional beetle faunas at high latitudes: patterns, drivers and chance along ecological gradients. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 2751-2767.

Valanko, S., Heino, J.., Westerbom, M., Viitasalo, M. & Norkko, A. (2015) Complex metacommunity structure for benthic invertebrates in a low diversity coastal system. Ecology and Evolution 5: 5203–5215.

Kärnä, O.-M., Grönroos, M., Antikainen, H., Hjort, J., Ilmonen, J., Paasivirta, L. & Heino, J. (2015) Inferring the effects of potential dispersal routes on the metacommunity structure of stream insects: as the crow flies, as the fish swims or as the fox runs? Journal of Animal Ecology 84: 1342-1353.

Heino, J. (2015) Deconstructing occupancy frequency distributions in stream insects: effects of body size and niche characteristics in different geographical regions. Ecological Entomology 40: 491-499.

Schmera, D., Podani, J., Heino, J., Erős, T. & Poff, N.L. (2015) A proposed unified terminology of species traits in stream ecology. Freshwater Science 34: 823-830.

Vilmi, A., Karjalainen, S.M., Landeiro, V.L. & Heino, J. (2015) Freshwater diatoms as environmental indicators: evaluating the effects of eutrophication using species morphology and biological indices. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 187: 243-252.

Heino, J., Soininen, J., Alahuhta, J. Lappalainen, J. & Virtanen, R. (2015) A comparative analysis of metacommunity types in the freshwater realm. Ecology and Evolution 5: 1525-1537.

Heino, J., Nokela, T., Soininen, J., Tolkkinen, M., Virtanen, L. & Virtanen, R. (2015) Elements of metacommunity structure and community-environment relationships in stream organisms. Freshwater Biology 60: 973-988.

Heino, J., Melo, A.S., Bini, L.M., Altermatt, F., Al-Shami, S.A, Angeler, D., Bonada, N., Brand, C., Callisto, M., Cottenie, K., Dangles, O., Dudgeon, D., Encalada, A., Göthe, E., Grönroos, M., Hamada, N., Jacobsen, D., Landeiro, V.L., Ligeiro, R., Martins, R.T., Miserendino, M. L., Md Rawi, C.S. Rodrigues, M., Roque, F.O., Sandin, L., Schmera, D., Sgarbi, L.F., Simaika, J., Siqueira, T., Thompson, R.M. & Townsend, C.R. (2015) A comparative analysis reveals weak relationships between ecological factors and beta diversity of stream insect metacommunities at two spatial levels. Ecology and Evolution 5: 1235-1248.

Alahuhta, J., Rääpysjärvi, J., Hellsten, S., Kuoppala, M. & Aroviita J. (2015) Species sorting drives variation of boreal lake and river macrophyte communities. Community Ecology 16: 76-85.

Alahuhta, J. (2015) Geographic patterns of lake macrophyte communities and species richness at regional scale. Journal of Vegetation Science 26: 564-575.

Heino, J., Melo, A.S., Siqueira, T., Soininen, J., Valanko, S. & Bini, L.M. (2015) Metacommunity organisation, spatial extent and dispersal in aquatic systems: patterns, processes and prospects. Freshwater Biology 60: 845-869.

Soininen, J., Bartels, P., Heino, J., Luoto, M. & Hillebrand, H. (2015) Toward more integrated ecosystem research in aquatic and terrestrial environments. BioScience 65: 174-182.

Heino, J., Melo, A.S. & Bini, L.M. (2015) Reconceptualising the beta diversity-environmental heterogeneity relationship in running water systems. Freshwater Biology 60: 223-235.

Heino, J. & Alahuhta, J. (2015) Elements of regional beetle faunas: faunal variation and compositional breakpoints along climate, land cover and geographical gradients. Journal of Animal Ecology 84: 427–441.


Alahuhta, J., Johnson, L.B., Olker, J. & Heino, J. (2014) Species sorting determines variation in the community composition of common and rare macrophytes at various spatial extents. Ecological Complexity 20: 61-68.

Heino, J. & Peckarsky, B.L. (2014) Integrating behavioral, population and large-scale approaches for understanding stream insect communities. Current Opinion in Insect Science 2: 7-13.

Heino, J., Tolkkinen, M., Pirttilä, A.M., Aisala, H. & Mykrä, H. (2014) Microbial diversity and community–environment relationships in boreal streams. Journal of Biogeography 41: 2234-2244.

Heino, J. & Grönroos, M. (2014) Untangling the relationships among regional occupancy, species traits and niche characteristics in stream invertebrates. Ecology and Evolution 4: 1931-1942.

Alahuhta, J. Kanninen, A., Hellsten, S., Vuori, K.-M., Kuoppala, M. & Hämäläinen, H. (2014) Variable response of functional macrophyte groups to lake characteristics, land use and space: implications for bioassessment. Hydrobiologia 737: 201-214.

Schmera, D., Podani, J., Erős, T. & Heino, J. (2014) Combining taxon-by-trait and taxon-by-site matrices for analysing trait patterns of macroinvertebrate communities: a rejoinder to Monaghan & Soares (2014). Freshwater Biology 59: 1551-1557.

Bini, L.M., Landeiro, V.L., Padial, A.A., Siqueira, T. & Heino, J. (2014) Nutrient enrichment is related to two facets of beta diversity for stream invertebrates across the United States. Ecology 95: 1569-1578.

Heino, J. (2014) Taxonomic surrogacy, numerical resolution and responses of stream macroinvertebrate communities to ecological gradients: are the inferences transferable among regions? Ecological Indicators 36: 186-194.

Heino, J., Ilmonen, J. & Paasivirta, L. (2014) Continuous variation of macroinvertebrate communities along environmental gradients in northern streams. Boreal Environment Research 19: 21-38.


Wrona, F.J., Reist, J.D., Amundsen, P.-E., Chambers, P.A., Christoffersen, K., Culp, J.M., di Cenzo, P.D., Forsström, L., Hammar, J., Heino, J., Heikkinen, R.K., Kahilainen, K.K., Lesack, L., Lehtonen, H., Lento, JK., Luoto, M., Marsh, P., Marcogliese, D.J., Moquin, P.A., Mustonen, T., Prowse, T.D., Power, M., Rautio, M., Swanson, H., Thompson, M., Toivonen, H., Vasiliev, V., Virkkala, R. & Zavalko, S. (2013) Freshwater ecosystems. In: Meltofte, H. (ed.) Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and Trends in Arctic Biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Arctic Council, Iceland, pp. 335-377.

Christiansen, J.S., Reist, J.D.,  Brown, R.J., Brykov, V.A., Christensen, G., Christoffersen, K., Cott, P., Crane, P., Dempson, J.B., Docker, M., Dunmall, K., Finstad, A., Gallucci, F., Hammar, J., Harris, L.N., Heino, J., Ivanov, E., Karamushko, O.V., Kirillov, A., Kucheryavyy, A., Lehtonen, H., Lynghammar, A., Mecklenburg, C.W.,  Møller, P.D.R., Mustonen, T., Oleinik, A.G., Power, M., Reshetnikov, Y.S., Romanov, V.I., Sandlund, O.-T.,  Sawatzky, C.D., Svenning, M., Swanson, H.K. & Wrona, F.W. (2013) Fishes. In: Meltofte, H. (ed.) Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and Trends in Arctic Biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Arctic Council, Iceland, pp. 192-245.

Grönroos, M., Heino, J., Siqueira, T., Landeiro, V.L., Kotanen, J. & Bini, L.M. (2013) Metacommunity structuring in stream networks: roles of dispersal mode, distance type and regional environmental context. Ecology and Evolution 3: 4473-4487.

Heino, J., Schmera, D. & Erős, T. (2013) A macroecological perspective of trait patterns in stream communities. Freshwater Biology 58: 1539-1555.

Schmera, D., Erős, T. & Heino, J. (2013) Habitat filtering determines spatial variation of macroinvertebrate community traits in northern headwater streams. Community Ecology 14: 77-88.

Al-Shami, S.A., Heino, J., Che Salmah, M.R., Ahmad, A.H., Hamid, S.A. & Madrus, M.R. (2013) Drivers of beta diversity of macroinvertebrate communities in tropical forest streams. Freshwater Biology 58: 1126-1137.

Alahuhta, J. & Heino, J. (2013) Spatial extent, regional specificity and metacommunity structuring in lake macrophytes. Journal of Biogeography 40: 1572-1582.

Heino, J. & Grönroos, M. (2013) Does environmental heterogeneity affect species co-occurrence in ecological guilds across stream macroinvertebrate metacommunities? Ecography 36: 926-936.

Heino, J. (2013) Environmental heterogeneity, dispersal mode and co-occurrence in stream macroinvertebrates. Ecology and Evolution 3:  344–355.

Heino, J., Grönroos, M., Ilmonen, J., Karhu, T., Niva, M. & Paasivirta, L. (2013) Environmental heterogeneity and beta diversity of stream macroinvertebrate communities at intermediate spatial scales. Freshwater Science 32: 142-154.

Alahuhta, J., Järvinen, T., Sormunen, H., Tukiainen, H., Varanka, S. & Hjort, J. (2013) Searching for spatial patterns in the northern environments – Modern physical geography at the University of Oulu. Nordia Geographical Publications 42: 15-26.

Alahuhta, J. Kanninen, A., Hellsten, S., Vuori, K.-M., Kuoppala, M. & Hämäläinen, H. (2013) Environmental and spatial correlates of community composition, richness and status of boreal lake macrophytes. Ecological Indicators 32: 172-181.

Heino, J. (2013) Does dispersal ability affect the relative importance of environmental control and spatial structuring of littoral macroinvertebrate communities? Oecologia 171: 971-980.

Heino, J. (2013) The importance of metacommunity ecology for environmental assessment research in the freshwater realm. Biological Reviews 88: 166-178.


Grönroos, M. & Heino, J. (2012) Species richness at the guild level: effects of species pool and local environmental conditions on stream macroinvertebrate communities. Journal of Animal Ecology 81: 679-691.

Korsu, K., Heino, J., Huusko, A. & Muotka, T. (2012) Specific niche characteristics facilitate the invasion of an alien fish invader in boreal streams. International Journal of Ecology id: 813016.

Alahuhta, J., Kanninen, A. & Vuori K.-M. (2012) Response of macrophyte communities and status metrics to natural gradients and land use in boreal lakes. Aquatic Botany 103: 106-114.

Padial, A.A., Siqueira, T., Heino, J., Vieira, L.C.G., Agostinho, A.A., Bonecker, C.C., Lansac-Tôha, F.A., Rodrigues, L.C., Takeda, A., Thomaz, S.M., Train, S., Velho, L.F.M. & Bini, L.M., (2012) Relationships between multiple biological groups and classification schemes in a Neotropical floodplain. Ecological Indicators 13: 55-65.

Heino, J., Grönroos, M., Soininen, J., Virtanen, R. & Muotka, T. (2012) Context dependency and metacommunity structuring in boreal headwater streams. Oikos 121: 537-544.


Astorga, A., Heino, J., Luoto, M. & Muotka, T. (2011) Freshwater biodiversity at a regional extent: determinants of macroinvertebrate taxonomic richness in headwater streams. Ecography 34: 705-713.

Heino, J. (2011) A macroecological perspective of diversity patterns in the freshwater realm. Freshwater Biology 56: 1703–1722.

Raunio, J., Heino, J. & Paasivirta, L. (2011) Non-biting midges in biodiversity conservation and environmental assessment: findings from boreal freshwater ecosystems. Ecological Indicators 11: 1057–1064.

Mykrä, H., Heino, J., Oksanen, J. & Muotka, T. (2011) The stability-diversity relationship in stream macroinvertebrates: influences of sampling effects and habitat complexity. Freshwater Biology 56: 1122-1132.

Soininen, J., Heino, J., Lappalainen, J. & Virtanen, R. (2011) Expanding the ecological niche approach: relationships between variability in niche position and species richness. Ecological Complexity 8: 130-137.

Alahuhta, J., Heino, J. & Luoto, M. (2011) Climate change and the future distribution of aquatic macrophytes across boreal catchments. Journal of Biogeography 38: 383-393.


Heino, J., Mykrä, H. & Rintala, J. (2010) Assessing patterns of nestedness in stream insect assemblages along environmental gradients. Ecoscience 17: 345-355.

Heino, J. & Soininen, J. (2010) Are common species sufficient in describing turnover in aquatic metacommunities along environmental and spatial gradients? Limnology and Oceanography 55: 2397-2402.

Heino, J., Erős, T., Kotanen J. & Rask, M. (2010) Describing lake fish communities: do presence-absence and biomass data show similar spatial and environmental relationships? Boreal Environment Research 15: 69-80.

Heino, J., Bini, L.M., Karjalainen, S.M., Mykrä, H., Soininen, J., Vieira, L.C.G. & Diniz-Filho, J.A.F. (2010) Geographical patterns of micro-organismal community structure: are diatoms ubiquitously distributed across boreal streams? Oikos 119: 129-137.

Heino, J. (2010) Are indicator groups and cross-taxon congruence useful for predicting biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems? Ecological Indicators 10: 112-117.


Heino, J., Tolonen, K., Kotanen, J. & Paasivirta, L. (2009) Indicator groups and congruence of assemblage similarity, species richness, and environmental relationships in littoral macroinvertebrates. Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 3085-3098.

Heino, J. (2009) Species co-occurrence, nestedness and guild-environment relationships in stream macroinvertebrates. Freshwater Biology 54: 1947-1959.

Erős, T., Heino, J., Schmera, D. & Rask, M. (2009) Characterising functional trait diversity and trait-environment relationships in fish assemblages of boreal lakes. Freshwater Biology 54: 1788-1803.

Heino, J., Ilmonen, J., Kotanen, J., Mykrä, H., Paasivirta, L., Soininen, J. & Virtanen, R. (2009) Surveying biodiversity in protected and managed areas: algae, macrophytes and macroinvertebrates in boreal forest streams. Ecological Indicators 9: 1179-1187.

Heino, J. (2009) Biodiversity of aquatic insects: spatial gradients and environmental correlates of assemblage-level measures at large scales. Freshwater Reviews 2: 1-29.

Heino, J., Virkkala, R. & Toivonen, H. (2009) Climate change and freshwater biodiversity: detected patterns, future trends and adaptations in northern regions. Biological Reviews 84: 39-54.

Soininen, J., Heino, J., Kokocinski, M. & Muotka, T. (2009) Local-regional diversity relationship varies with spatial scale in lotic diatoms. Journal of Biogeography 36: 720-727.

Heino, J., Mykrä, H. & Muotka, T. (2009) Temporal variability of nestedness and idiosyncratic species in stream insect assemblages. Diversity and Distributions 15: 198-206.


Heino, J. & Mykrä, H. (2008) Control of stream insects assemblages: roles of spatial configuration and local environmental variables. Ecological Entomology 33: 614-622.

Heino, J. (2008) Temporally stable abundance-occupancy relationships and occupancy frequency patterns in stream insects. Oecologia 157: 337-347.

Heino, J. (2008) Influence of taxonomic resolution and data transformation on biotic matrix concordance and assemblage-environment relationships in stream macroinvertebrates. Boreal Environment Research 13: 359-369.

Mykrä, H., Heino, J. & Muotka, T. (2008) Concordance of stream macroinvertebrate assemblage classifications: how general are patterns from single-year surveys? Biological Conservation 141: 1218-1223.

Heino, J. (2008) Patterns of functional biodiversity and function-environment relationships in lake littoral macroinvertebrates. Limnology and Oceanography 53: 1446-1455.

Heino, J. & Paasivirta, L. (2008) Unravelling the determinants of stream midge biodiversity in a boreal drainage basin. Freshwater Biology 53: 884-896.

Heino, J., Mykrä, H. & Kotanen, J. (2008) Weak relationships between landscape characteristics and multiple facets of stream macroinvertebrate biodiversity in a boreal drainage basin. Landscape Ecology 23: 417-426.

Heino, J. & Toivonen, H. (2008) Aquatic plant biodiversity at high latitudes: patterns of richness and rarity in Finnish freshwater macrophytes. Boreal Environment Research 13: 1-14.

Heino, J. & Korsu, K. (2008) Testing species-stone area and species-bryophyte cover relationships in riverine macroinvertebrates at small scales. Freshwater Biology 53: 558-568.


Heino, J., Mykrä, H., Hämäläinen, H., Aroviita, J. & Muotka, T. (2007) Responses of taxonomic distinctness and species diversity indices to anthropogenic impacts and natural environmental gradients in stream macroinvertebrates. Freshwater Biology 52: 1846-1861.

Heino, J., Mykrä, H., Kotanen, J. & Muotka, T. (2007) Ecological filters and variability in stream macroinvertebrate communities: do taxonomic and functional structure follow the same path? Ecography 30: 217-230.

Heino, J. & Soininen, J. (2007) Are higher taxa adequate surrogates for species-level assemblage patterns and species richness in stream organisms? Biological Conservation 137: 78-89.

Soininen, J. & Heino, J. (2007) Variation in niche parameters along a diversity gradient of unicellular eukaryote assemblages. Protist 158: 181-191.

Soininen, J., Kokocinski, M., Estlander, S., Kotanen, J. & Heino, J. (2007) Neutrality, niches and determinants of plankton metacommunity structure across boreal wetland ponds. Ecoscience 14: 146-154.

Mykrä, H., Heino, J. & Muotka, T. (2007) Scale-related patterns in the spatial and environmental components of stream macroinvertebrate assemblage variation. Global Ecology and Biogeography 16: 149–159.


Heino, J. & Virtanen, R. (2006) Relationships between distribution and abundance vary with spatial scale and ecological group in stream bryophytes. Freshwater Biology 51: 1879-1889.

Heino, J. & Soininen, J. (2006) Regional occupancy in unicellular eukaryotes: a reflection of niche breadth, habitat availability or size-related dispersal capacity? Freshwater Biology 51: 672-685.

Heino, J. & Mykrä, H. (2006) Assessing physical surrogates for biodiversity: do tributary and stream type classifications reflect macroinvertebrate assemblage diversity in running waters? Biological Conservation 129: 418-426.

Paavola, R., Muotka, T., Virtanen, R., Heino, J., Jackson, D.A. & Mäki-Petäys, A. (2006) Spatial scale affects community concordance among fishes, benthic macroinvertebrates and bryophytes in streams. Ecological Applications 16: 368–379.

Heino, J. & Muotka, T. (2006) Landscape position, local environmental factors and the structure of molluscan assemblages of lakes. Landscape Ecology 21: 499-507.


Soininen, J. & Heino, J. (2005) Relationships between local population persistence, local abundance and regional occupancy of species: patterns in diatoms of boreal streams. Journal of Biogeography 32: 1971-1978.

Heino, J. (2005) Functional biodiversity of macroinvertebrate assemblages along major ecological gradients of boreal headwater streams. Freshwater Biology 50: 1578-1587.

Heino, J. (2005) Metacommunity patterns of highly diverse stream midges: gradients, checkerboards and nestedness, or is there only randomness? Ecological Entomology 30: 590-599.

Heino, J., Virtanen, R., Vuori, K.-M., Saastamoinen, J., Ohtonen, A. & Muotka, T. (2005) Spring bryophytes in forested landscapes: land use effects on bryophyte species richness, community structure and persistence. Biological Conservation 124: 539-545.

Heino, J., Soininen, J., Lappalainen, J. & Virtanen, R. (2005) The relationship between species richness and taxonomic distinctness in freshwater organisms. Limnology and Oceanography 50: 978-986.

Heino, J. & Soininen, J. (2005) Assembly rules and community models for unicellular organisms: patterns in diatoms of boreal streams. Freshwater Biology 50: 567-577.

Heino, J. (2005) Positive relationship between regional distribution and local abundance in stream insects: a consequence of niche breadth or niche position? Ecography 28: 345-354.

Heino, J. & Muotka, T. (2005) Highly nested snail and clam assemblages in boreal lake littorals: roles of isolation, area and habitat suitability. Ecoscience 12: 141-147.

Heino, J., Parviainen, J., Paavola, R., Jehle, M., Louhi, P. & Muotka, T. (2005) Characterizing macroinvertebrate assemblage structure in relation to stream size and tributary position. Hydrobiologia 539: 121-130.

Heino, J., Paavola, R., Virtanen, R. & Muotka, T. (2005) Searching for biodiversity indicators in running waters: do bryophytes, macroinvertebrates, and fish show congruent diversity patterns? Biodiversity and Conservation 14: 415-428.

Heino, J., Louhi, P. & Muotka, T. (2004) Identifying the scales of variability in stream macroinvertebrate abundance, functional composition and assemblage structure. Freshwater Biology 49: 1230-1239.

Mykrä, H., Heino, J. & Muotka, T. (2004) Variability of lotic macroinvertebrate assemblages and environmental characteristics across hierarchical landscape classifications. Environmental Management 34: 341-352.

Paavola, R., Muotka, T., Virtanen, R, Heino, J. & Kreivi, P. (2003) Are biological classifications of headwater streams concordant across diverse taxonomic groups? Freshwater Biology 48: 1912-1923.

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